sábado, 30 de octubre de 2010

has the reduction in "monetary poverty" been accompanied by increased access to basic needs?


(Re)counting the poor in Peru: a multidimensional approach

Peru: has the reduction in "monetary poverty" been accompanied by increased access to basic needs?

Authors: J.F. Castro; J. Baca; J.P. Ocampo
Publisher: Centro de Investigación, Universidad del Pacífico, Peru, 2010

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This paper addresses the debate between the recent evolution of monetary poverty figures and the levels of deprivation of the Peruvian population. The paper relies on a multidimensional approach for poverty measurement to measure the tension between the incidence of monetary poverty and the overall level of deprivation in terms of a set of basic attributes for human development.

The author indicates that according to 2008 figures, 39% of individuals lacking some of the basic attributes considered would be classified as non-poor according to the monetary poverty line. However, this proportion was only 26% in year 2004.

The paper's main findings are as follows:

  • the reduction in the incidence of monetary poverty between 2004 and 2008 has not been accompanied by increased access to other assets important for individuals' well-being and ability to develop 
  • the incidence of multidimensional poverty is concentrated in Peru's southern highlands, beside significant deprivation in the northern Amazon
  • deprivations endured by the multidimensional poor are concentrated on the health and dwelling conditions dimensions, and to a lesser extent on lack of adequate water supply and sewage service

 As a result, the paper concludes a number of policy implications:

  • to achieve a significant reduction in the multidimensional poverty headcount across most regions, policymakers should focus on the provision of improved water and sanitation services
  • the fact that the main contributor to multidimensional poverty is similar across regions should not be overlooked as it represents an important opportunity to focus public investment efforts.


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